Development of Clustering Policy Project (2007-2009)

Development of Clustering Policy Project was launched to form a base for national Clusters policy by supporting the competitive sectors in our country and finally to contribute to the development of a competitive structure for ensuring a sustainable increase in export rates. The project was planned to last for 2 years and financed by the EU funds with a budget of 6 Million Euros within the scope of the EU Instrument for Pre-acession Assistance.

The project aims to set up a comprehensive Clusters policy to contribute to achievement of a sustainable economic, social and environmental development. 

Development of Clustering Policy basically aims at;

Improving the coordination between the SMEs and the other companies within the framework of Clustering model. 

Developing innovative activities,

Attracting foreign capitals,

Forming economies of scale,

Developing a policy for setting up an appropriate infrastructure to increase the regional and international competitiveness.

Development of Clustering Policy project was officially put into practice in March, 2007 and completed in March 2009.  The project focused on “Development of National Clusters Policy and Building Capacity for Execution”, “Development of National Clusters Policy” and “Clusters Mapping and Analysis”. The activities conducted within the scope of the project are as follows;

Within the first component of the project, Analysis of stakeholders was made and in the coordination with our Ministry (abolished Undersecretariat of Foreign Trade) training programs and international activities were conducted to strengthen the institutional capacities of the related stakeholders. In addition, study visits were organized to visit and observe different Clusters in Germany and France with the participation of representatives from the analyzed Clusters whose maps were prepared. Within the scope of building capacity through trainings and raising awareness, two 3-day-trainings were held within the participation of governmental agencies and specilialists in April, 2008 in İstanbul and Ankara. At total, 80 specialists and 40 executives were trained on Clustering. Theoretical and appled trainings on Clusters policy, vision and developing action plan were given by international experts to the representatives from the Abolished Undersecretariat of Foreign Trade (The Ministry of Development), the Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology, Turkish Union of Chambers and Commodity Exhchanges,  Turkish Exporters Assembly and the chambers of industry and commerce in different provinces.

Within the second component of the project, Clusters Strategy Document (White Paper) was prepared to form a basis for the National Clusters Policy.  In addition, 3rd National Clustering Conference was held in Istanbul on 3-4 December 2008.

Within the third component of the project, Activities were conducted under the title of “Forming a Macro Clusters Map at National Level”.  As a result of these activities the Clusters categories were defined as the financial agencies emprically operating in coordination. Thus 32 Clusters categories were identified for Turkey.

Clusters Mapping at macro level covers 2 phases:

i. To work on Clusters, it is necessary to first identify what financial activity the Clusters is busy with.  These kinds of activities are called “Clusters mapping” within the Clusters literature. Thus, a Clusters mapping activity was conducted firstly within the scope of the project, 32 Clusters categories were identified as a result and all the financial activies within the frame of the value chain of Clusters were classified in line with the categories (ISIC Revision 2). A specific financial activity might be included in value chains of more than one Clusters category.

ii. At the second phase, Clusters categories are geographically mapped in line with different statistical methods, using such data sets as employment…etc.

Following the case studies, which follows the statistical activities and supports them with field findings, a “Working Team for Clusters Mapping” was formed to ensure the coordination and cooperation of all stakeholders. The Working Team for Clusters Mapping included representatives from the Ministry of Industry and Commerce, the Ministry of Agricultural and Rural Affairs, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, State Planning Organizations, Turkish Union of Chambers and Commodity Exhchanges (TOBB), Turkish Exporters Assembly. Within the coordination of Abolished Undersecretariat of Foreign Trade (The Ministry of Economy) the working team played an active role in identification of the Clusters.

In this respect, the Working Team for Clusters Mapping prepared a road map for 10 pilot Clusters identified within the frame of internationally well – accepted themes. The road maps covered the activities to be conducted and clarified the factors for the success of Clusters in detail. The road maps were prepared for the following Clusters.

Pilot Clusters for which Road Maps were Prepared:
 

Innovativeness
And Enterpreneurship
Developing a network between the Actors
Clusters Formation
Developing the Infrastructure of the Clusters
Factor Conditions
Mersin Processed Food Clusters
Ankara Machine Clusters
Konya Automotive Supply Industry Clusters
Eskişehir-Bilecik-Kütahya Ceramic Clusters
Manisa Electrical and Electronical Appliances Clusters
Ankara Software Clusters
Denizli-Uşak Home Textile Clusters
Muğla Yacht Building Clusters
İzmir Organic Food Clusters
Marmara Automotive Clusters

 

Within the scope of Regional Competitiveness Operational Programme (RCOP) Clusters analyses were conducted for each of 11 pilot Clusters and the current situation and needs of these Clusters were identified.

 

Outstanding Pilot Clusters of Regional Competitiveness Operational Programme

 

 
Province
Sector
1
Kayseri
Furniture
2
Gaziantep
Machine – made Carpet
3
Kahramanmaraş
Textile
4
Sivas
Natural Stones
5
Yozgat
Furniture
6
Trabzon
Wood Procesing
7
Samsun
Foreign Trade Operations
8
Malatya
Apricot
9
Erzurum-Kars
Winter Tourism
10
Mardin
Tourism
11
Çorum
Machine


1- click here for White Paper: Development of Clusters Policy for Turkey
2- click here for Clusters Mapping, Analysis and Clusters Roadmaps – Synthesis Report
3- click here for Clusters Analysis for the Provinces of Regional Competitiveness Operational Programme
4- click here for Clusters roadmap of 11 pilot provinces analyzed within the scope of Regional Competitiveness Operational Programme

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Ekleme Tarihi: 26.05.2013